Why Does the Male Breast Enlarge?

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Breast enlargement in men is based on genetic reasons. Hormonal imbalances can cause swelling in the breast. In addition, alcohol and substance abuse are among the factors that trigger gynecomastia. We will examine these issues individually.

Who will develop gynecomastia?

  • It may occur in infants. The underlying cause is the estrogen  hormone passed through the mother. However, this is temporarily. The breasts will return to their normal size within an average of one month.
  • Gynecomastia frequently occurs in the puberty. A significant growth is observed in the breast between the ages of 12-14. If you do not suffer from gynecomastia, we can suggest that the breast will return to its original size in a few years.
  • Skin sagging due to aging and fat deposition will be observed in adults over 50 years old. It will be entirely up to you to undergo surgery after this age.

Why Does the Male Breast Enlarge - Zty Plastic Surgery Turkey

Conditions that cause gynecomastia

Gynecomastia, i.e. breast enlargement, can occur in males for many reasons other than hormonal imbalances. These are:

  • obesity
  • lack of proper nutrition
  • tumors in testicles or adrenal glands
  • hepatic diseases
  • kiperthyroid
  • hypoandrogenism
  • hypogonadism
  • renal failure

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Breast enlargement due to the regular drugs

Some temporary or permanent drugs may cause gynecomastia. These are:

  • Anabolic steroids for improved athletic performance
  • Antiestrogens
  • Finasteride (Proscar®, Propecia®) for enlarged prostate
  • Spironolactone (Aldactone®), digoxin (Lanoxin®), amiodarone (Cordarone®) and calcium channel blockers
  • Cimetidine (Tagamet®) and proton-pump inhibitors for heartburn
  • Diazepam (Valium®) for anxiety
  • Ketoconazole (Nizoral®) for the treatment of fungal infections
  • Metronidazol (Flagyl®) for bacterial infections
  • Human chorionic gonadotropin for fertility problems
  • Amphetamines, cannabis, heroin, methadone and alcohol

Gynecomastia due to weight loss or gain

Unfortunately, this is the most common type of gynecomastia encountered in Turkey because we – Turkish people- can gain and lose weight frequently. When you lose weight, fat may remain in many parts of the body. Regardless of regular exercise and diet, these fats may be persistent. These fats can also deposit in the breast area. Since they cannot always be eliminated, gynecomastia may develop. It is called pseudogynecomastia. As a treatment procedure, it is sufficient to remove fats and cleanse the area.

How do testosterone levels increase?

The levels of testosterone may decrease at the age of 25 -30. This can trigger growth in the breast. Therefore, high levels of testosterone may reduce the swelling in the breast. Some suggestions are as follows:

  • Regular exercise and weight lifting
  • Increased consumption of protein, fat and carbohydrate
  • Choose a stress-free  life
  • Vitamin D supplement and sun exposure
  • Vitamin and mineral supplements
  • High-quality sleep

Can gynecomastia go away without surgery?

If you suffer from mammary gland swelling and your condition goes beyond fat deposition, the only solution is the surgical removal of the mammary gland. Recommendations can only be made to those with fat deposition.  Surgery is now the only solution for the treatment of third degree. Other non-surgical methods such as regular exercise and diet will not be beneficial.

Estrogen and Testosterone Imbalances

Estrogen and testosterone hormones in males should have a balance. Due to this imbalance in some males, abnormal growths are observed in breasts. In fact, this can sometimes occur in both breasts and sometimes in one breast alone. Males who have these complaints should consult a doctor to investigate these imbalances before considering the option of gynecomastia. Based on several examinations and diagnosis, this imbalance should be regulated.

Increased estrogen hormone causes breast growth in men. Increasing levels of hormones in puberty can cause swelling in the male breast and pain. This is often temporary. In this context, gynecomastia surgeries will be performed only after the puberty terminates. If there is still no improvement, surgery will be the only and permanent solution.

Breast Growth in Men linked to Nutritional Habits

Today, the imbalance of nutritional habits shows their effects in the body. GM foods, excessive fats used to add flavor to food and addition of some sweeteners to meals not only increase the calorie ratio, but also make them harmful for the body. Especially considering the importance of time in our business life, fast foods have become an eating habit. These foods disrupt the balance of the body with their fat content and additives, and cause breast growth in men.

It is necessary to pay attention to what we consume post-surgery. Even in patients whose mammary gland is surgically removed, in case of rapid weight loss and gain, some growth may be observed in the breast again. It is necessary to avoid losing weight rapidly to prevent this.

Breast Growth in Men due to Alcohol, Some Body-building Drugs and Smoking

Some bad habits that cause weight gain and also directly affect the lungs and liver trigger gynecomastia. Because of these habits that trigger hormonal imbalance, fats may be deposited in the male breast faster and the breast can grow faster.

Rapid Weight Loss or Gain

The breast sagging, which is the third stage of gynecomastia, can occur with rapid weight loss or gain. Skin sagging in the breast takes gynecomastia treatment to the next stage.

Sports and Exercise

Sports, exercise and customized diet programs can be applied to prevent growth and fat deposition problems of breasts. One should turn these programs into a habit and create a routine. In line with these programs, one should reach the ideal weight. If a man who has reached the ideal weight still has some growth in his breasts, he may need to consult with an aesthetics surgeon and get rid of his problem by surgery.

Symptoms of Gynecomastia

A large number of men may not realize their problem of gynecomastia. In this context, let’s present the symptoms of gynecomastia under short headings.

  • Swelling and growth in both breasts
  • Swelling and growth in only one of the breasts
  • Swelling, redness and prominent snout of the nipples
  • Stiffness and the feel of a bump in the breast